CBD is one of the many cannabinoids found in hemp plants. It is gaining steady popularity due to its excellent benefits. Brands derive it from organic hemp plants and incorporate it into many products, like gummies, bath bombs, tinctures, etc. It’s safe to consume and does not give euphoric feelings.
There are many varieties of cannabis, and sativa and indica are two of the most popular ones. CBD does not classify as just one species of cannabis. It has indica and sativa strains. There’s not much research to back up the strains, but sativa strain is generally believed to give energizing effects that increase creativity and focus.
Indica, on the other hand, gives a full-body effect, like reducing insomnia and providing relaxation. It’s best to use CBD indica at night and CBD sativa in the morning due to their properties. Our guide provides more detailed insight on CBD and the different species of cannabis. Therefore, read further to understand the compounds better.
How To Differentiate Sativa and Indica
The species of cannabis sativa and indica share similar features but have specific differences. Botanists use the plant’s physical attributes to differentiate them, like height, leaves shape, and branching patterns. For example, indica plants are short with a woody stalk, and they can grow for around 6 to 8 weeks in any condition.
Sativa plants cause a head high in consumers while indica causes a body high. It’s tall and skinny with light green leaves. They grow in Central America, South America, and Southeast Asia. It takes about twelve to fifteen weeks to grow. Pinene and limonene are two terpenes found in sativas.
Pinene smells like pine trees, and it aids with inflammation, anxiety, and increased focus. Sativa strains have THC in large quantities and less CBD, unlike indica strains, with more CBD and less THC.
A hybrid strain combines sativa strain and indica strain through selective cross-breeding and hybridization. Hybrids have either a sativa or indica dominant strain or a 50/50 mix. Indica dominant strain will have more characteristics of indica, and sativa dominant strain will have more attributes of sativa. But when it’s 50-50, the strains have a combined attribute of both the strains.
How Do Cannabinoids and Terpenes Interact With Your Endocannabinoid System?
The endocannabinoid system is a cell-signaling system that regulates appetite, sleep, and mood in humans. It’s active in the body even if you do not consume cannabis or CBD. When you consume CBD, it binds to the endocannabinoid receptors, propelling it to take action and give you the effects you seek.
There are two endocannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 is located in the central nervous system, and the endocannabinoid system might bind with it to relieve pain. CB2, on the other hand, is located in your peripheral nervous system. The endocannabinoid system can bind to the immune cell to signal inflammatory reactions.
The functions of the endocannabinoid system contribute to homeostasis, which is the stabilization of the body’s internal environment. Experts believe maintaining and stabilizing homeostasis is the major role of the endocannabinoid system.
The Benefits of CBD
CBD has several wonderful benefits it affords consumers, making them recommend CBD products to others. For starters, CBD aids users to get better sleep and unwind after a stressful day. Stress is one of the contributing factors to sleep deprivation. CBD eases the user’s pressure by tackling their stress level and putting them to sleep.
Consumers experiencing social anxiety, pain, and loss of appetite can use CBD to regulate the issue. It will boost your confidence, relieving your anxiety and allowing you to socialize better. Furthermore, it enhances the user’s mood, putting them in a relaxed state and reducing their pain.
In addition to getting better sleep and consuming a greater amount of food, CBD has anti-inflammatory properties as well. Also, it’s legal, and you can consume it in public without getting into trouble with the law. The farm bill of 2018 legalizes hemp plants and hemp-derived products if it contains 0.3% THC.
THC gives psychoactive effects, and limiting it in CBD products allows users to consume it without getting high. However, not all brands that make CBD products are genuine. So before purchasing CBD products, you must research the brand and check if they test their products in third-party labs. It will aid you in accounting for the safety of the product.
CBD Entourage Effect on Consumers
The hemp plant contains many cannabinoids, but the popular ones are CBD and THC. Most brands produce CBD products in three categories, full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and CBD isolate. Full-spectrum CBD products contain all the terpenes and strains in hemp plants, which aids it in achieving the entourage effect.
The entourage effect happens when all the compounds in the CBD product work together for more potent results. The compounds do not work individually but combined, amplifying the product’s effect. Broad-spectrum CBD products contain all the terpenes and strains minus THC. While CBD isolate has nothing but pure CBD.
CBD is neither indica or sativa. You can find it in both species of cannabis in different quantities. Its quantity in indica strain is minimal and extensive in sativa strains. It’s generally believed that sativa strain gives energizing effects, and it is best to take it in the daytime. In contrast, the indica effect provides relaxation and is best consumed at night.
Indica and sativa strains combine to form the hybrid strain. Furthermore, the hybrid strain has the characteristics of whichever strain with the most percentage it is paired with. CBD helps improve users’ mood, boosting their energy to focus on work. It’s legal and convenient to have around.
However, you should not purchase CBD products if you’re on medication without consulting your healthcare provider to know if the product can interact with the medication. Also, if you’re pregnant, speak with your doctor to know if you can consume CBD.